DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME LÀ GÌ

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Almost everywhere in the world, in summer you feel the day longer, the dawn comes earlier, you feel the sunlight from 3 am to 9 pm everyday. However, the habit of most people is the same, sleeping at 12 am and getting up at 6 am.

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Our earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis. In summer, in some parts of the earth such as some parts of the United States and Canada, you can clearly feel the dawn starting at 2 am. This time people are still sleeping and they only wake up in 4 hours.
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The story began in 1907. An English builder named William Willet, during an early morning horseback ride, noticed that all the houses were tightly closed and everyone was asleep although the sun had risen, and he felt that daylight was being wasted.
His idea at the time was how about people went to bed earlier at 11 pm the day before and woke up at 5 am the next day. Or alternatively, in spring and summer everyone should turn their clocks 1 hour faster, and he called it "Daylight Saving Time - DST". 12 am and 6 am in DSTcorrespond to 11pm and 5 am in standard time. By the trick of the clocks, people keep their habits while saving daylight time.
Willet spent a small fortune lobbying businessmen, members of Congress, and the United States Congress to get his ideas realized. But his proposal was met with ridicule for the most part. One community opposes it for moral reasons, calling it the crime of "lying" about real-time.
Attitudes changed after World War I broke out. The government and citizenry recognized the need to conserve coal used for heating homes. The Germans were the first to officially adopt the light-extending system in 1915, as a fuel-saving measure during World War I. This led to the introduction in 1916 of British Summer Time: From May 21 to October 1, clocks in Britain were put an hourahead.
Despite major opposition from the public, the matter was eventually brought to parliament. In 1918, DST was tested in the United States. Two o"clock in the morning of March 31, 1918, all of the clocks in the United States were advanced an hour. Canada also applied a similar policy at the end of that year.
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However, in the United States the Daylight Saving Time experiment lasted only until 1920, when the law was repealed due to opposition from dairy farmers (cows don’t pay attention to clocks). No fewer than 28 bills to repeal Daylight Saving Time had been introduced to Congress, and the law was removed from the books.

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The topic of DST was forgotten until America was dragged into World War II after the attack on Pearl Harbor. DST is now required to save energy.
Inconsistent adherence to time zones among the statescreated considerable confusion with interstate bus and train service. To remedy the situation, Congress passed the Uniform Time Act in 1966, establishing consistent use of Daylight Saving Time within the United States: Clocks were to be set ahead one hour on the last Sunday in April and one hour back on the last Sunday inOctober.
In 1986, theU.S.Congress approved a bill to increase the period of Daylight Saving Time, moving the start to the first Sunday in April. The goal was to conserve oil used for generating electricity—an estimated 300,000 barrels annually.(In 2005, theentire state of Indiana became the 48th state to observe Daylight SavingTime.)
The rules for DST changed in 2007 for the first time in more than 20 years. The new changes were enacted by the Energy Policy Act of 2005, which extended the length of DST in the interest of reducing energy consumption. The rules increased the duration of DST by about one month. DST is now in effect for 238 days, or about 65% of the year, although US Congress retained the right to revert to the prior law should the change prove unpopular or if energy savings are not significant.
Currently in the US, DST starts on the second Sunday of March and ends on the first Sunday of November. It is applicable to most US states.
Hawaii and Arizona are the only two states in the U.S. that do not observe daylight savings time. However, several overseas territories do not observe daylight savings time. Those territories includeAmerican Samoa,Guam,Northern Mariana Islands,Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
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United States
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European Union
YearDST Begins at 2a.m.DST Ends at 2a.m.Summertime period begins at 1a.m.UTSummertime period ends at 1a.m.UT
2017March 12November 5March 26October 29
2018March 11November 4March 25October 28
2019March 10November 3March 31October 27
2020March 8November 1March 29October 25
2021March 14November 7March 28October 31
2022March 13November 6March 27October 30
2023March 12November 5March 26October 29
2024

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